Origins of the Game
The sport of badminton has its origins in ancient
civilisations in Europe and Asia. The ancient game known as battledore
(bat or paddle) and shuttlecock probably originated more than 2000
In the 1600s Battledore and Shuttlecock was an
upper class pastime in England and many European countries. Battledore
and Shuttlecock was simply two people hitting a shuttlecock backwards
and forwards with a simple bat as many times as they could without
allowing it to hit the ground.
A contemporary form of badminton - a game called
‘Poon’, was played in India in the 1800s where a net was introduced
and players hit the shuttlecock across the net. British officers
in the mid 1800’s took this game back to England and it was introduced
as a game for the guests of the Duke of Beaufort at his stately
home ‘Badminton’ in Gloucestershire, England where it became popular.
In March 1898, the first Open Tournament was
held at Guildford the first 'All England' Championships were held
the following year. Denmark, the USA and Canada became ardent followers
of the game during the 1930s.
IBF Established in 1934
Then in 1934, the International Badminton Federation
was formed, with the initial members including England, Wales, Ireland,
Scotland, Denmark, Holland, Canada, New Zealand and France, with
India joining as an affiliate in 1936.
The first major IBF tournament was the Thomas
Cup (world men's team championships) in 1948. Since then, the number
of world events has increased with the addition of the Uber Cup
(women’s team), World Championships (individual events), Sudirman
Cup (mixed team), World Junior Championships and the World Grand
Commonwealth Games Sport - 1966
Badminton was introduced as a Commonwealth Games
program sport in Kingston Jamaica in 1966 and has been part of every
Commonwealth Games program since then. Initially all five disciplines
were included – singles (men, women), doubles (men, women) and mixed
doubles with the Teams Event included in the program in later Commonwealth
Olympic Games Sport - 1992
Badminton is a relatively new Olympic Games sport.
After being a demonstration sport in Munich in 1972, badminton became
an Olympic sport in Barcelona in 1992 with the singles and doubles
disciplines introduced for the first time in the Olympic Games.
In Atlanta in 1996, a mixed doubles event was included and this
is the only mixed doubles event in all of the Olympic sports.
Only five countries have won the gold medals
since its introduction in 1992 - China (8), Indonesia (5) and Korea
(5) and Denmark (1).
Susi Susanti from Indonesia won the women’s singles
in Barcelona, becoming Indonesia’s first medallist in the 40 years
Indonesia had competed at the Games. In the same Olympic Games,
Alan Budi Kusama won Indonesia’s second gold medal in the men’s
Source: IBF (http://www.internationalbadminton.org/history.html)